Blood glucose level (commonly called “blood sugar”) is the existing amount of glucose in the blood at a given moment. The blood glucose level is quickly determined by doing a finger prick and using a glucose meter.
Depending on the situation, you should monitor and measure blood glucose levels at different times and frequency. For example, a person working out regularly should check its blood glucose levels more frequently than someone with a more sedentary life.
If you find yourself in one of the following cases, you should consider testing your blood glucose more frequently.
The medication you are taking
Diabetes medication types, doses, etc. change all the time. It happens that often, we know.
Individuals on insulin may possibly check the blood glucose more often than individuals on tablets. But it doesn’t mean that individuals taking tablets should not measure their blood glucose levels. The former should measure it more often than the latter.
If you are sick
When people with diabetes are sick, blood glucose rises as a response to the increasing stress in the body.
For that reason, the person with diabetes must measure its blood glucose levels more frequently. It helps to keep updating of any high range and possibly act on it.
For example, insulin doses may need to increase if the blood glucose readings are going up. Possibly, when recovering from the sick days, it may reduce to the previous doses.
Your diet is changing
As part of the diabetes control, healthy eating is a MUST.
Because you may be considering doing some changes to your diet, it is important to keep testing your blood glucose more frequently so you understand how these changes are affecting your blood glucose control.
Also, it helps you to understand how your blood glucose control is affected by a specific meal testing your blood glucose before and 2 hours after meal. Read more about this here.
You are doing more exercise
Together with an healthy diet, regular physical activity is very important to keep blood glucose under control.
Exercise improves insulin sensitivity by reducing your level of insulin resistance.
Note that exercise can have a delayed action in the blood glucose control, bringing levels down few hours after the activity and not straight after it.
That’s why blood glucose control should be checked so you can see how exercise impacts your blood glucose level and also to prevent any possible hypos.
If you are having frequent hypos
Hypos are an emergency situation. If there are frequent hypos happening in your daily living, there is a need to test your blood glucose levels more frequently to confirm the hypo.
Also, it is important to keep record of the hypo frequency and your medication should be reassessed in order to avoid hypos.
Testing your blood glucose level is the best and fastest way to understand how controlled your diabetes is. Having the constant idea of your blood glucose profile, will avoid surprises and also make you aware which changes you need to put in place to bring blood glucose under control.
Do not underestimate blood glucose monitoring; this is the best way to have a real understanding of your diabetes control.