As you are aware feet problems are intimately related to diabetes complications.
The different types of problems were discussed in the past but there is so much more to talk about when it relates to the care and attention you should provide to your feet.
We decided to ask an expert to list the ultimate 10 tips for the best foot care.
10 tips for the best foot care
Kanchan Bains, Senior Diabetes Specialist Podiatrist, is passionate for her job and has experience in this area of diabetes care. She provides us a list with 10 tips for the best foot care you can get.
With no further ado, here they are:
1. Make sure you wash and dry your feet
Wash and dry you feed properly and especially in between the toes. If the skin on your feet is slightly wet, bacteria or a fungus can grow, which can lead to infection.
2. Cream your feet daily
With cream and not lotion or oil as they stay on the surface and don’t go deep into the tissues – a white thick emollient cream is good.
Do not apply in between the toes as this can make it more moist and prone to fungal infection and maceration.
3. Use Surgical Spirit
If you do have maceration in the toes then use Surgical Spirit daily to dry the tissues in between the toes in the inter-digital spaces.
4. Cut and file your nails appropriately
Cut your nails straight across and file the edges and do not cut down the sides to avoid getting ingrown toenails.
If you can’t cut the nails then file your nails regularly to keep them at a level which is easy to manage.
5. Check your feet daily
Check to see if there is any changes on them that were not there yesterday – so you catch anything before it gets to a serious stage.
If you notice something like pain, weeping, bleeding, open lesion, throbbing, red/hot/swollen areas then you MUST take action.
Visit your GP/Practice Nurse urgently or if you are under Podiatry then ask for an emergency appointment or attend a walk in center like Urgent Care or A+E to get it to be seen.
Your footwear must have the following characteristics:
- Wide and deep enough for your toes to have room when the shoe is
- Be rounded or squared at the front and not tapered in
- Have no more than a 1 inch heel
- Have some type of a fastening (laces, Velcro or buckle strap)
7. Avoid using corn cure or plasters…
…as they have chemicals in them which will not do anything for the corn and could leave you with an open sore.
If you have corns and callouses then see a Podiatrist to get appropriate advice.
8. Get regular checks by the GP/Practice Nurse every 6/12 months
These regular visits should include a foot check where professionals check the feet sensitivity and circulation and will be able to tell you if there are any problems worth mention.
9. Make sure you keep your blood sugars in control
Keeping blood sugars in control will help keep problems away for longer, i.e. nerve problems in the feet.
If you find you are getting pins and needles and burning sensations on your feet then it might be the sugars that are not in control affecting the nerves. You need to let your GP know this so it can be treated.
10. Make sure you know your risk level for the diabetes in your feet
Low, moderate, high or ulcerated – this will help you be more vigilant in looking after yourself and your feet.
These tips are the basic rules to keep your feet healthy and prevent the development of worse consequences.
Do not ignore your feet, give them proper attention and the key is: control your blood glucose.